Top 12 Types of Perm & Perm Maintenance:

Top 12 Types of Perm & Perm Maintenance: Are you interested in getting a permanent hairstyle? Throughout this guide, you will learn everything you need to know about perms, including types, maintenance, and potential downsides.


It has been popular for decades to style your hair with perms, also known as permanent waves. A chemical process is used to alter the structure of the hair, resulting in curls or waves that last for several months. 

The use of perms can provide a great deal of texture and volume to a person’s hair, but before getting a perm, it is important to understand the various types of perms, the maintenance required, and the potential drawbacks.

Types of Perms:

There are the types of perm:

1. Spiral Perm: 

There is a type of perm known as a spiral perm, which creates curls that resemble spirals. This is accomplished by winding the hair around perm rods in a spiral pattern and then treating it with chemicals to set the curl. Consequently, the hair has defined and bouncy curls that look more natural than traditional perms.

2. Body Wave Perm: 

There is a type of perm that creates gentle waves in the hair known as a body wave perm. This is accomplished by wrapping the hair around perm rods in a manner that creates a waved pattern and then applying chemicals to the hair to set it. 

Soft, subtle waves are achieved as a result, creating a head of hair that has more volume and body. When looking to add some movement and texture to their hair, but not the tight curls of a traditional perm, body wave perms are a great choice.

3. Root Perm: 

Perms that focus on only the roots rather than the entire head are known as root perms. It is a good option for individuals who wish to add body and volume to their hair without making significant changes to their style or texture. 

4. Beach wave perm: 

A beach wave perm is a type of perm that creates loose, natural-looking waves in the hair. It is achieved by wrapping the hair around perm rods in a way that creates a waved pattern and then treating the hair with chemicals to set the wave. The result is a head of hair with soft, beachy waves.

5. Pin curl perm: 

A pin curl perm creates curls by rolling and securing small sections of hair with bobby pins or hair clips, which are small curls created by rolling and securing small sections of hair. 

There are a variety of curl patterns that can be achieved by using pin curls, ranging from tight curls to loose waves.

6. Volumizing perm: 

Volumizing perms are designed to give hair volume and body. Perm rods are larger, and perm solutions are stronger, resulting in more pronounced curls or waves.

7. Digital perm: 

Digital perms are types of perms that use heat and chemicals to create curls and waves in the hair. This procedure involves wrapping the hair around rods and applying heat and a perm solution to set the curl. 

Natural-looking curls can be created with digital perms that are known for their durability.

8. Spot perm: 

Rather than perming the entire head, a spot perm perms only a specific area or “spot” of the hair. This is an effective method for adding volume or curl to a specific section of hair without altering the overall style or texture of the hair.

9. Partial perm: 

In a partial perm, only a portion of the hair is permed rather than the entire head. Those who wish to add volume or curl to a specific section of their hair without changing the overall style or texture may find this to be a useful option.

10. Stack perm: 

Perms that create stacked, layered looks in the hair are called stack perms. The hair is wrapped around perm rods in a manner that creates layers of curls or waves after being applied to the perm solution. Layers are defined and stacked in the hair as a result.

11. Straight perm: 

Perms that straighten the hair are known as straight perms. This style is achieved by straightening the hair with a straightening solution and flat perm rods, followed by chemical treatment to set the straight style. This results in a smooth and straight head of hair.

12. Multi-textured perm: 

Perms that create a variety of textures in the hair are called multi-textured perms. To achieve this look, different perm rods and techniques are used to create a combination of curls, waves, and straight sections in the hair. 

Consequently, a variety of textures and styles are created on the head of hair.

Perm Maintenance:

  • Make sure you do not wash your hair for at least 48 hours after getting a perm, to allow the curls to set.
  • To maintain the integrity of your perm, use a shampoo and conditioner that are sulfate-free.
  • It is best to avoid using heat-styling tools because they may cause curls to become loose.
  • The curls should not be brushed and too much product should not be applied, as this can weigh them down and make them appear lifeless.

Potential Drawbacks:

  • Damage: 
  • Perms can damage hair, causing it to be dry and breakable due to the chemicals used.
  • Allergic reactions: 
  • The chemicals used in perms may cause allergies in some individuals.
  • Inconsistency: 
  • There can be uneven curls in some sections after perms, with some curling more than others.
  • Time-consuming: 
  • Perms take several hours to complete, requiring a significant amount of time.


When it comes to adding texture and volume to one’s hair, perms can be an excellent choice. Perms are available in a variety of forms, require different levels of maintenance, and have potential drawbacks that need to be considered before deciding to get one. 

For your perm to last as long as possible, you should use proper care and maintenance techniques.

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